Drug Abuse and Non Communicable Diseases
Substance abuse involves the intake of drugs, alcohol, tobacco, marijuana and other substances that have negative effects on the body system. The World Health Organization reported that alcoholism alone is responsible for more than 3 million deaths every year in the world. Non-communicable diseases include cancer, diabetes, chronic respiratory diseases and cardiovascular diseases and m the major risk factors leading to these diseases are connected to substance abuse.
Tobacco smoking leads to lung cancer, alcoholism leads to liver disease, opioid use leads to mental health issues such as mental confusion and depression. To reduce the rate of NCDs in our societies, it is very important we provide advocate against substance abuse and provide necessary information to people that are ignorant about the effect on their health. March 2020 will be focused on this and we implore you to ride on with us all through the campaign. Together we will create a world free of NCDs.
SUBSTANCE ABUSE AS RISK FACTOR FOR NCDS
WHO recorded that tobacco is responsible for 7.2 million deaths yearly while half of the 3.3 million deaths attached to alcohol yearly are from NCDs such as Cancer.
With the burden of NCDs increasing worldwide, it is very important for us to discuss about the risk factors responsible for the increasing rate.
Abusing substances such as drugs, marijuana, alcohols, and alcohol are major risks for NCDs. WHO recorded that tobacco is responsible for 7.2 million deaths yearly while half of the 3.3 million deaths attached to alcohol yearly are from NCDs such as Cancer.
Substance abuse have negative effect on the brain and the body organs. The smoke from marijuana and tobacco smoking is dangerous to the lungs while the chemicals in alcohol is dangerous to the kidneys and liver. To beat NCDs, it is important for us to make a decision not to take these substances. Having a healthy lifestyle is the first step towards achieving good health and wellbeing.
STATISTICS ON SUBSTANCE ABUSE AND NCDS.
50% of deaths attached to alcoholism are caused by NCDs. About 7.2 million people die yearly from tobacco and second hand smoking.
Cardiovascular disease which has been found to be cause by excessive alcohol intake is responsible for most of the NCDs death worldwide.
According to a report by WHO (World Health Organization), Noncommunicable diseases accounted for an estimated 38 of 56 million deaths worldwide in 2012. Yet most of the deaths (74%, 28 million) occurred in low- and middle-income countries, where access to essential medicines to prevent and treat these diseases remains low. 50% of deaths attached to alcoholism are caused by NCDs. About 7.2 million people die yearly from tobacco and second hand smoking. Cardiovascular disease which has been found to be cause by excessive alcohol intake is responsible for most of the NCDs death worldwide.
The Global Burden of Disease study projected that noncommunicable diseases will be the leading global cause of disability by 2030. The World Health Organization (WHO) has therefore recommended that every country should have a national drug policy that ensures access, quality and rational use of medicines as an integral part of its broader strategic health-care policy. It has also recommended that non-communicable diseases be incorporated into the strategic plans of national drug policies.
FACTS ON PSYCHOACTIVE SUBSTANCES AND NCD
Repeated or prolonged use of psychoactive substances, favors the development of dependence disorders that are chronic and intermittent.
Psychoactive substances are various natural or synthetic compounds that when taken into the nervous system causes alterations in the functions that regulate the human body. There are regulations for the control and supervision of the use of these substances. However, there are other reasons which are either recreational or situational coupled with constant misuse.
The use of psychoactive substances usually results in risks and adverse effects on different organs and systems. Repeated or prolonged use of psychoactive substances, favors the development of dependence disorders that are chronic and intermittent.
The damage associated with the use of psychoactive substances depends on the extent of interaction of a set of factors in which consumption occurs. NCDs share common risk factors with substance abuse this include tobacco use, harmful alcohol intake physical inactivity, and unhealthy diet. The most common NCDs include cardiovascular diseases such as heart attacks and stroke. Chronic respiratory diseases and diabetes etc. The adverse effects including an implication of health status strain on the interpersonal, family, academic, professional aspect.
SUBSTANCE ABUSE EFFECT ON THE BRAIN
The use of substances disrupt the functions of the brain by tampering with the rate of these chemicals released by the brain.
The brain is the most important organ in the body because it control other part of the body. The brain cells are called neurons and for them to function well and transmit signals to the body they release some chemicals called neurotransmitters. These chemicals dictates the way the body react to the environment; for instance, dopamine is released when there is excitement while GABA is released when the body needs to be calm. The use of substances disrupt the functions of the brain by tampering with the rate of these chemicals released by the brain. For example, use of opoids affect the part of the brain responsible for pain.
The negative effect of taking substance to the brain include anxiety, depression, insomnia and other mental health issues. Substance abuse does not add any value to the body system, instead it increase the risk of diseases and deaths. #Saynotosubstanceabuse
SUBSTANCE ABUSE EFFECT ON THE BODY ORGANS
When substances such as tramadol, alcohol, marijuana, tobacco, codeine and others are taken into the body, they go straight into the blood system where they are transported to the body organs for metabolism and absorption for use by the body. These substances contains active chemicals that are toxic to these organs when metabolizing them. For instance, taking excess alcohol is risky to the health of the Liver because it is responsible for processing it in the body. Another example is the effect of tobacco smoking and marijuana on the lungs which is responsible for processing the air humans breathe in and breathe out.
In the case of pregnant women, taking substance have deleterious effect on the health of the baby because everything they take is transferred to the fetus in the womb. Substance abuse have no positive effect on the body system, instead it increases the risks of having cancers, diabetes, liver disease, chronic respiratory diseases which are diseases that cannot be easily managed and treated. Making a decision to stop taking substances today is a great decision that will change your health and the society at large. #Saynotosubstanceabuse
ALCOHOL INTAKE AND BODY HEALTH
The effect of alcohol consumption on mortality was expressed as the relative risk, adjusted for other risk factors. Risk is the probability of an event. Relative risk is the risk of an event in a group with a risk factor divided by risk in the group without the risk factor. Thus, relative risks <1 mean the risk factor is actually protective. In the nondiabetics, the relative risks for coronary deaths, compared with those who drank no alcohol, were 1.02 for monthly, 0.82 for weekly, and 0.61 for daily consumers of alcohol. In the diabetics, the relative risks for coronary deaths, compared with those who drank no alcohol, were 1.11 for monthly, 0.67 for weekly, and 0.42 for daily consumers of alcohol. In a subgroup of 21 852 men (510 with diabetes), the risk of incident coronary events, including myocardial infarction and revascularization, was assessed by annual survey, with an average follow-up of 12 years. Similar reductions in risks of incident coronary events were noted compared with the mortality data. Thus, the study shows a lower risk of coronary deaths and events with increasing alcohol consumption up to 1 drink per day. The reduction in risk was similar in diabetics and non-diabetics.
EFFECTS OF ALCOHOL ON DIABETES.
Alcohol is a substance found in beer, wines and spirits that causes drunkenness. An alcoholic drink is a drink that contains ethanol, a type of alcohol produced by fermentation of grains, fruits, or other sources of sugar. The consumption of alcohol plays an important social role in many cultures.
Alcohol has many negative effects on diabetes and other cardiovascular diseases. As we all know obesity/unmanaged weight is one of the underlying factors of diabetes Type 2. Alcoholic drinks often have a lot of calories making it more difficult for diabetes patients to lose weight.
While moderate amounts of alcohol may cause blood sugar to rise, excess alcohol can actually decrease your blood sugar level, sometimes causing it to drop into dangerous levels, especially for people with type 1 diabetes. Beer and sweet wine contain carbohydrates and may raise blood sugar.
Frequent consumption of alcohol can also affect your judgment or willpower, causing you to make poor food choices which are dangerous to your blood sugar level.